At least since the time Winston Churchill pondered making chicken-less chicken wings, people have wondered if we could make real meat without animals.
Now, thanks to the bold and pioneering work of a dedicated group of scientists, chicken-free chicken, and many other meats, are becoming a reality.
By taking animal or microbial cells to grow meat or animal proteins, researchers can make meat, dairy and egg products that are more sustainable, healthy, and humane.
From cultured beef to egg whites and gelatin, here's a look at the future of farming.
Take cells from a living animal, multiply them in a nutrient-rich medium, and combine them to make edible meat.
Uses fewer resources, less pollution No antibiotics or contaminants Humane and Slaughter-Free
The first cultured meat products could become available in the year 2020 or '21.
More funding, basic research, scaling up production
August 5, 2013
The world's first cultured hamburger is taste-tested in front of a live audience.
Check out the Resources page for more technical info on cultured meat, including research opportunities
Using yeast to make dairy proteins, like casein and whey, which are combined with fats and water to make milk.
Fewer resources, less pollution No hormones, antibiotics or other contaminants Better, healthier dairy products
The first cultured milk could be available in the next 3-5 years.
Funding, basic research, scaling up production
Muufri founded to make cow-free dairy products.
Counter Culture Labs successfully crowd-funds research into cow-free cheese
Using yeast to make the real egg white proteins, which are added to natural ingredients to make egg whites.
Fewer resources, less pollution No food-borne pathogens, like Salmonella Better, allergen-free eggs
Clara Foods is using yeast to make egg proteins.
Cultured egg whites could be available in the next 3-5 years.
Funding, more research and development, scaling up production.
July 9, 2015
Clara Foods raises $1.75 million to make chicken-free egg whites
Cell culturing can also be used for valuable meat by-products, like gelatin, the main ingredient in Jello-O, gummy bears, and many important products.
Reprogramming microbes to produce collagen - the basic building block of gelatin.
More sustainable to produce A cleaner, safer product More stable supply
Gelzen is a startup making animal-free gelatin.
Cultured gelatin could be available in the next 3-5 years.
Funding, basic research, scaling up production.
Gelzen unveils their first prototype gelatin - gummy bears.