At least since the time Winston Churchill pondered making chicken-less chicken wings, people have wondered if we could make real meat without animals. 

Now, thanks to the bold and pioneering work of a dedicated group of scientists, chicken-free chicken, and many other meats, are becoming a reality. 

By taking animal or microbial cells to grow meat or animal proteins, researchers can make meat, dairy and egg products that are more sustainable, healthy, and humane.

 From cultured beef to egg whites and gelatin, here's a look at the future of farming. 

What

Take cells from a living animal, multiply them in a nutrient-rich medium, and combine them to make edible meat. 

why

             Uses fewer resources, less pollution          No antibiotics or contaminants                   Humane and Slaughter-Free

 

Who

There are about 30 labs currently working on cultured meat, including two startups: 

Memphis Meats and Modern Meadow.  

when

The first cultured meat products could become available in the year 2020 or '21. 

challenges

More funding, basic research, scaling up production

milestones

August 5, 2013

 The world's first cultured hamburger is taste-tested in front of a live audience. 

                         1st Cultured Burger   Photo: CulturedBeef.org

                         1st Cultured Burger   Photo: CulturedBeef.org

October 15, 2015

 Researchers announce plans to sell cultured meat at the beginning of next decade.

February 1, 2016

 Memphis Meats unveils the world's first cultured meatball

                                                                                                Photo: MemphisMeats.com

                                                                                                Photo: MemphisMeats.com

Check out the Resources page for more technical info on cultured meat, including research opportunities


what

Using yeast to make dairy proteins, like casein and whey, which are combined with fats and water to make milk. 

why?

   Fewer resources, less pollution               No hormones, antibiotics or other contaminants        Better, healthier dairy products

Who

Muufri and Counter Culture Labs are culturing milk from yeast.  

when

The first cultured milk could be available in the next 3-5 years.

challenges

Funding, basic research, scaling up production

Milestones

July 2014

Muufri founded to make cow-free dairy products. 

Summer 2014

Counter Culture Labs successfully crowd-funds research into cow-free cheese


what

Using yeast to make the real egg white proteins, which are added to natural ingredients to make egg whites. 

why

Fewer resources, less pollution                        No food-borne pathogens, like Salmonella                  Better, allergen-free eggs

who

Clara Foods is  using yeast to make egg proteins.  

When

Cultured egg whites could be available in the next 3-5 years. 

challenges

Funding, more research and development, scaling up production.

Milestones

July 9, 2015

Clara Foods raises $1.75 million to make chicken-free egg whites


gelatin

Cell culturing can also be used for valuable meat by-products, like gelatin, the main ingredient in Jello-O, gummy bears, and many important products. 

What

Reprogramming microbes to produce collagen - the basic building block of gelatin. 

Why

   More sustainable to produce                                   A cleaner, safer product                                        More stable supply

Who

Gelzen is a startup making animal-free gelatin. 

When

Cultured gelatin could be available in the next 3-5 years.  

Challenges

Funding, basic research, scaling up production. 

Milestones

January 2016

Gelzen unveils their first prototype gelatin - gummy bears.

                                 

                                 

end of cell culturing 101!

Cell culturing is an exciting new frontier in food innovation and could revolutionize how we produce and think about animal products. 

Check out Names to Know to see the leading names, companies, and brands making meat, dairy and eggs better.